Bank of Canada lowers target for overnight rate

For the first time in more than four years, the Bank of Canada has changed its target for the overnight rate, which may come as a surprise to real estate investors.
 
“The Bank of Canada today announced that it is lowering its target for the overnight rate by one-quarter of one percentage point to 3/4 per cent," the BoC wrote in an official release.

"The Bank rate is correspondingly one per cent and the deposit rate is 1/2 per cent. This decision is in response to the recent sharp drop in oil prices, which will be negative for growth and underlying inflation in Canada.”
 
The rate change will likely drive investors to variable rate mortgages over fixed mortgages.
 
And while the drop is due, in large part, to a plummeting energy sector, the BoC remains optimistic about other industries. But for how long?
 
“The oil price shock is occurring against a backdrop of solid and more broadly-based growth in Canada in recent quarters,” the bank wrote. “Outside the energy sector, we are beginning to see the anticipated sequence of increased foreign demand, stronger exports, improved business confidence and investment, and employment growth.
 
“However, there is considerable uncertainty about the speed with which this sequence will evolve and how it will be affected by the drop in oil prices.

"Business investment in the energy-producing sector will decline,” it continued. “Canada’s weaker terms of trade will have an adverse impact on incomes and wealth, reducing domestic demand growth.”
 
The news follows a number of predictions at the end of 2014 that the Bank of Canada would eventually hike the rate in the coming years, a predictin that is now looking less likely.
 
In September, TD Bank predicted the short-term rate would hit two per cent by the end of 2016.

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